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political world

Ethnicity

American and British Investigations of the Pogroms in Poland, 1918-1920, March 11, 2010

Saturday, March 13, 2010
I focus on Samuel and Wright. [1920 pagination]. Want more? See the the Peczkis reviews of All in a life-time, and Poland and the Minority Races (Eastern Europe Collection Series).

Western press accounts spoke of thousands of Jews killed in Polish pogroms. (The Situation, p. 57). (90% of these turned out to be unfounded: ibid, p. 56). Vicious Polonophobic screeds were circulated. (reprint, p. 49). The actual death toll, a few hundred, was equated with the Turkish massacres of hundreds of thousands of Armenians. (Letter, p. 53). Kempczynski criticized what might be called Jewish-suffering-is-special thinking, citing the ongoing hostilities between many different peoples against each other: "Yet none of these nations has raised the cry: `pogrom.' Bloodshed, licentiousness, robbery is a natural outcome of war." (p. 54). >>more...

In the Shadow of Katyn: Stalin's Terror

Monday, March 1, 2010
This work, originally published in Polish (1976), and made available in Poland (1990), was eventually translated into Russian and now English. Swianiewicz, a long-lived (1899-1997) Pole of Scottish descent, and dabbler in freemasonry (p. 199), was a Polish POW at Kozielsk, yet he was one of the 3% not murdered at Katyn (p. 66), possibly because he was of use as a Sovietologist. (p. xv; see also p. 122). >>more...

Jews and Communism: A Middle View. Should Jews Apologize?,

Monday, March 1, 2010
This work avoids each extreme: 1) Anti-Semitic fantasy, and 2) A manifestation of the Jewish attempt to rule the world. Space limitations limit my discussion.

In the USSR (where Jews constituted 1-2% of the population): "Nonetheless, it was during the years 1918-1920 that the full implications of the association of Jews with the revolution, and specifically with the Communist revolution, first became apparent. With a striking number of Jewish-born individuals in the Bolshevik leadership--Trotsky, Kamenev, Zinoviev, Sverdlov, and Uritsky to name just the most conspicuous--it was inevitable that the new regime should find itself branded as being dominated by Jews." (Diner and Frankel, p. 5). >>more...

A Secret Press In Nazi Europe, The Story Of A Jewish United Partisan O

Saturday, February 20, 2010
This work is centered on Jewish guerrilla life in the area of Vilna (Wilno, Vilnius), and discussion of the press is decidedly subordinate. The Warsaw Ghetto fighters are honored, and described as consisting of 200 ZOB (Z.O.B) and (the oft-ignored) 400 ZZW (Z.Z.W)(p. 209). A helpful table is provided of the Jewish soldiers found in all the Allied armies. (p. 334). Poles and Lithuanians who aided the local fugitive Jews are also featured in some detail. ((pp. 157-166). >>more...

The Fall of a Sparrow: The Life and Times of Abba Kovner (Stanford Studies in Jewish History and C)

Saturday, February 20, 2010
This book covers Kovner's life in pre-WWII Vilna (Wilno, Vilnius), the Soviet and German occupations, the German-Nazi shootings of Jews at Ponary and the later destruction of the Vilna Ghetto, Kovner's partisan organization and its affiliations and actions, the postwar gatherings of Holocaust survivors, and the decades of Kovner's postwar life in Israel. Interestingly, Kovner was part of an immediate-postwar revenge plot which, if successful, would have led to the deaths of millions of Germans. (pp. 234-236 >>more...

Narodowe Sily Zbrojne na Podlasiu: Materialy posesyjne (Polish edition)

Sunday, December 27, 2009
THE NATIONAL ARMED FORCES IN THE PODLASIE REGION is the title of this Polish-language book. The geographic area in question is in the extreme eastern-central part of Poland as defined by her post-WWII boundaries >>more...

He Peasant Prince: Thaddeus Kosciuszko and the Age of Revolution

Tuesday, December 8, 2009
No single review could possibly do justice to this comprehensive book. For this reason, I focus primarily on matters not developed by other reviewers. >>more...

STUDIES ON POLISH JEWRY 1919 - 1939: THE INTERPLAY OF SOCIAL, ECONOMIC, AND POLITICAL FACTORS IN THE STRUGGLE OF A MINORITY FOR ITS EXISTENCE (In English & Yiddish)

Sunday, November 22, 2009
This anthology, simultaneously published in English and Hebrew, generally adheres to the Jewish-lachrymose template of history. However, it also includes some seldom-mentioned information that I now focus on.

Poland's Jewish problem was largely inherited from Russia. Pawel Korzec writes: "The reactionary Jewish policy of [tsar] Alexander III and the wave of pogroms that engulfed Russia after his coronation in 1881 resulted in a great influx of Russian Jews into Poland--mainly from economically underdeveloped regions of the Russian empire like the Ukraine and Belorussia (and from Moscow after the expulsion of 1892)--into Polish towns and cities then in full industrial expansion. Thus the so-called litvak question came into the existence." (p. 20). >>more...

TANGLED WEB Polish-Jewish Relations in Wartime Northeastern Poland and the Aftermath (PART TWO)

Sunday, August 2, 2009
“One should not close one’s eyes to the fact that Home Army units in the Wilno area were fighting against the Soviet partisans for the liberation of Poland. And that is why the Jews who found themselves on the opposing side perished at the hands of Home Army soldiers —as enemies of Poland, and not as Jews.” Yisrael Gutman Historian, Yad Vashem Institute >>more...

War Time Rescue of Jews by Polsh Catholic Clergy(sisters)

Sunday, August 2, 2009
Rescue activities on behalf of Jews were carried out by priests, nuns and monks in more than 900 Roman Catholic Church institutions throughout Poland during World War II. The number of priests and religious involved in these activities was many times higher.

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