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Political organisation of the Ukrainian exiles after the Second World War

jan peczkis|Sunday, July 15, 2012

This review is from: Political organisation of the Ukrainian exiles after the Second World War This review is of the book, by Stanislaw J. Paprocki, of MINORITY AFFAIRS AND POLAND: AN INFORMATORY OUTLINE. It was published in 1935 in Warsaw. It surveys Jews, Ukrainians, Germans, Muslim-Tartars, Karaites, Russians, and others.

         
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The most interesting details are on the Ruthenians/Ukrainians. The facts on Ukrainians cultural growth are stunning, and soundly refute the premise that Poland was suppressing Ukrainian culture and trying to Polonize Ukrainians. Compare the pre-1918 situation (under Austria) and that of 1918-on, under Poland, with reference to Eastern Galicia. There were 52 Ukrainian periodicals in 1905 and 121 in 1935. (p. 83). The 557 Ukrainians cooperatives in 1912 had expanded to 3,261 in 1933/1934. (p. 89). The 112 village centers in 1927 had grown to 1,410 in 1933. (p. 91). And so on...

As for the Jews, Paprocki details their many political organizations. Interestingly, in the academic year 1932-1933, Jews constituted 18.7% of all the students at universities and other institutions of higher learning. (p. 167). Jews were 10% of Poland's population. This means that, notwithstanding the numerus clausus, Jews were still over-represented at Polish academic institutions this late in the Second Republic. (1918-1939).
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