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Bolsheviks' Murders in 1920 around Jedwabne, Jewish behavior

marian Baginski|Friday, August 15, 2014

Immediately after the German invasion in 1920 the troops of the Red Army invaded the terrain of  former Polish Kingdom, recognized by the Bolshevik authorities  as Polish ethnic soil, and they began looting and  committing  the crimes  against the Polish civilians and soldiers.

Bolsheviks' Murders in 1920 around Jedwabne, Jewish behavior   These crimes were treated by Bolshevik soldiers as retaliation for the Poles, who were treated by the Bolshevik propaganda according to their descriptions as "crimes” committed by Polish soldiers, or by "Polish masters” committed  against Białorusians or Ukrainians. Once the seed of retaliation was dispersed by the military, its discipline relaxed, and permanent problems with the Red Army's supply of food, the robberies, rapes against civilians and murdering prisoners on the massive scale was committed. Soviet Soldiers primary were looking for food. "When they ran out of food in Łomża, as mentioned by Swiderski hungry Bolsheviks rushed to the gardens and orchards: cabbage, turnip, potato, beet, immature fruit and everything humanly possible to eat it has been eaten.  The hunger was prevalent as well as the disease.  Dysentery and typhus began to spread rapidly among the indigent population and the Bolsheviks. Local hospitals and ambulatory care facilities were over flown with patients. In addition the wounded laid in hundreds not to mention every day patients ". In addition to confiscate the food, the Bolshevik military took away from indigent population the clothing, underwear and footwear. Shoes were commonly stolen from the legs of passers-by on the streets. The Polish prisoners taken to the captivity or soldiers killed in the fighting were deprived their clothing and shoes. Political Commissioners eagerly requisitioned the wardrobe, gold and any valuables. "Raping women (especially Christian) as mentioned in report  was ongoing agenda as reported in The Supreme command of the Polish Military. The Bolsheviks believed that the crimes against the local population will produce a new, free-spirited race ". Especially they cruelly treated the land owners of the big estates. In pharmacies they were looking for all spirits and medicines to help treat venereal diseases, which were a real plague in the ranks of the Red Army. Many landowners have been forced to hide themselves in the forests.  One’s indictment of the landowner from rewkom was sufficient to sentence the landowner to death. Significant persecution also affected the Polish clergy. In Łomża was thrown Bishop Romuald Jałbrzykowski was thrown in to prison; he stayed there until Łomża was liberated by Polish Army. .. Many priests escaped arrest or death thanks to the strong attitude and assistance from their  parishioners. Priests, they continued to support the spirit of parishioners, claiming that the Bolshevik captivity will soon be over. During the retreat suffered after the defeat in Warsaw, the Bolsheviks bludgeoned with bayonets the Rector of the Church in Ostrołęka, father Stanisław Pędzicha. His fate was shared by others like father   Kołomyjski from Radziłow, father. Marcely Rzekunia ,Gregorczyk. Stanisław Szulborski lived in Wyszyny. The initial positive attitude of smallholder peasants towards Bolsheviks was changed radically when Bolsheviks started to requisition the cattle, corn, forced peasants to give a lift to Bolshevik soldiers.  In The Mazowsze and Podlasie, the troops of the Red Army in many cases were welcomed joyfully by the rural poor and dispossessed farmhands. On the other hand, in peasant guerrilla troops was formed. In Spite of that the Jewish populations greeted with bread and salt the Soviets. When they plundered Jewish homes and stores this menial jobs, from looting the joy was stopped. In Bialystok "Jewish bourgeoisie was terrorized in the most horrible way. (..) And it was subject of proceeded systematic review and   the arrests fallowed.  The most important manufacturers and merchants were arrested ". While in Ostrołęka the Jewish Communists forced respected Jewish Hasidic to clean   the streets was repeatedly on Saturday. Most of the commanders themselves encouraged Those Jews to proceed the indicated way. Political Commissioners notice, however, that such "military proceedings and lack of prevention on the part of the special departments (...) they undermine the authority of the newly-established Soviet Republic and produce an anti-Soviet mood among the people ". The call to appoint the tribunals to punish these war crimes was never realized. During the Bolsheviks’ presence in Płock they murdered dozens of sick and wounded soldiers; they raped and murdered the dozens of hospital nurses there. In Zadworze, they bludgeoned to death 400 young volunteers who defended the city using sabers who defended the city. There are many cases in which the Soviets bludgeoned the stock. Special cruelty was shown by cavalry corps mended by Gag-Chan. His soldiers killed the Polish prisoners in Lemanie, Chorzele, Cichoszki, Kolno and Mława. The Bolsheviks in the bestial way killed the wounded from the field military hospitals, where the Poles did not have time to evacuate. For example, in Berdichew the Cavalrymen burned 600 wounded Poles alive along with their caregivers and nurses. General Lucjan Żeligowski in his memories remembered Chorzele: "view of the battlefield give me the nasty feeling. The large number of corpses laid there. They were in the vast majority of our soldiers, and not so many wounded and killed during the fight, but killed after the fight. The whole long ranks of corpses in their underwear only and without shoes, lay along the fences in nearby bushes. They were bludgeoned with sabers and bayonets, their mangled faces and eyes were taken out by sabers ".Colonel Stefan Jellenta, then Commander of the 66 Cavalry dragon he described the funeral of murdered soldiers in Wyszyny, he recalled: "Although seventy years have passed since then, whenever I mention this event-I can see clearly that the image of bestiality (...) dozens of corpses of young people deprived uniforms and footwear-often cut with sabers – you can say the massacre. (…) they were soldiers of the Kaunas rifle regiment (...) taken prisoner, and murdered and deprived the clothing". After the end of the war a published memoir by the Bolsheviks Commander not mentioned this shameful role of the Red Army in the occupied Polish territories. Only Yevgeny Sergeyev wrote about poor discipline,  stealing and abuses committed by troops of the  Bolsheviks, explaining  that “inadequate discipline, difficult job to convince a group of  farmhands to take in their hands  the holdings of large land owners  where they left  only the head and horns of livestock and  the rest they   took as a  meat."
1920,  Bolshewiks war, Jedwabne,  temporary Jews; councils,  Bolshewiks roberies, Jews roberies, Jew agans Polish Soldiers,
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