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Jews murdering and massacring Ethnic Poles: Double betrayal of Polish National Interest and Jewish survival (1939-1989)

Carlos Benson|Saturday, February 12, 2011

            Contemporary Polish-Jewish relations resemble to a vicious circle. Each side blames each other for misbehavior and brings up to each other the crimes often never committed, or just for the perceptions of it.

                                          It is common opinion, that on the one hand, most Poles firmly believe that Poland has always been one of the most tolerant countries in the world since 0ver 800 years, when Polish Prince invited Jews expelled from European countries and gave them certain tasks, not to count later rights and privileges gives by subsequent kings and polish Diets particularly in Xvi-Xvii centuries, not to count nobilitating Jews living on that time in soils governed by Polish-Lithuanian Kingdom.      It is common to believe that so called “anti-Semitism “has existed only on the margins of Polish society, without any hate. Similar to the other unfriendly sentiments towards vs. Germans: we don’t like them because they are too strict and always” Ordung muss sein”: We don’t like Russians because they don’t know the rules of good social behavior. We don’t like Checks, because they drink too much bier.                                                                As far as Poles, in general are concerned, there has been no such phenomenon as Polish anti-Semitism spelled as hatred of Jews because they are Jews.  The notion of anti-Semitism itself is inappropriate due the the fact that Jews are part of the Semites. We would rather speak about “antyJudaism” than “anti-Semitism. (There is a interesting story concerned the term “anti-Semitism” created 1860-ties in France).     In general it’s right to say  that , Poland has always been a true paradisus Judeorum especially when Jews since over 800 years  were allowed to have their own schools, universities, organizations , political parties profess freely their religion, even special statues defending their particular identities as well as special privileges during the course of the Polish history…up to present.                              
  On the other hand, most Jews, who never lived in Poland, especially those on the American continent and in Western Europe, claim that Poland is one of the most anti-Semitic countries in the world. Jews have often shared the former Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Shamir's belief that virtually all Poles received their anti-Semitism "with their mothers' milk." Without going in to details it’s worth to remember that  at present time , there are so many Polish  Jews , or simply Jews In the contemporary Poland on the prominent  positions:   Beginning from the Government , diplomatic staff, political parties, theater actors , cinemas actors, singers, economy professionals,  industries banking jobs ,elected officials, owners of media and news papers that it’s difficult to believe in Polish AntyJudaism . Just simple question remains: why these Polis so called”antysemites” are electing Jews, or rewarding them prominent positions in the society a, politics and media? (For further references compare the   LINK: http://my.opera.com/kcg153/blog/2007/02/22/names of Polish Jews)        Copy of the names to be found at: http://www.polonica.net/Zydzi-w-Polsce.htm  
                                                  Often, this is forgotten and this “conscious forgetfulness   makes any reasonable communication, let alone consensus, quite impossible, not to mention a meaningful dialog (see Rev. Waldeemar Chrostowski, and others on the subject.).  A regrettable, knotty, and tragic Polish-Jewish war intensifies. Regrettably it started in 1996, when Jews Congress in Argentina requested form Poland to pay for Holocaust survivors and to compensate the Jewish real estate’s left in Poland after World War II.  In that claim context, J.T Gross wrote “Neighbors”- an essay about Jedwabne, later this same author wrote about Kielce events in 1946, at the present this same author is publishing “Golden Harvest – about polish “scavengers” digging in the places where burned Jewish Remains were buried.  It’s sad to say that every historical anniversary is exploited to exaggerate Jewish sufferings, every film about the Holocaust is showing one side of the story, or even every doubtful decision of the local Polish authorities to initiate a construction project in the vicinity of the Auschwitz camp make this war more bitter and more disastrous for the two societies involved, when even the pope appeal was ignored.                                                       Optimism (or perhaps common sense) if it’s appropriate use of word suggests, however, that the Poles and the Jews cannot be doomed to eternal enmity.  It should be seen a little light in the tunnel , or misunderstanding , misperceptions innuendos, false accusations, fact fabrication , simple lies and denied  the truth about the events( no’ double truth, please), concentrated world media efforts to blame Poles for Jewish misery as victims not as perpetrators.  At the present, an ever-increasing number of Jews visit Poland every year, though not necessarily as participants in the controversial "marches of the living," and a growing number of Polish tourists go to Israel for religious pilgrimage, or to visit the Jewish curorts.             Jewish businessmen invest in the Polish privatized industry, sold to them at the bargain prices and according to camaraderie terms. And, it seems that the Poles are doing business with the Jews in Israel establishing international corporations to bring more business to Israel. In the scientific and research arena, Polish and Jewish scholars exchange visits and cooperate more and more frequently. Since the early 1980s, Jewish literature, art, and history have attracted many enthusiasts in Poland, especially those, who try to reconnect their Jewish roots and ancestry.  In some social circles, especially in Krakow  social, cultural, or catholic circles  ,  or Sejny Jewish –polis endeavors, in fact, there is a fascination with the Jewish heritage., and sometimes tasteless and against polish national interest  publications about marginal Jewish Polish relations.                                                            Lately, chair of Polish history has been established in Jerusalem. naturally conducted by scholars from Jewish circles. There are these minor signs that may be, the burden of history will eventually disappear—in spite of the Jewish activities portraying those who think differently naming them anti-Semites. Often the official story tellers about Polish _Jewish relations are fanatics and ignoramuses. Unfortunately,  there are some fanatics  on both sides hardily understand that hostility and mistrust  is not the way to sole contentious issues , but  consensus , reconciliation, dialog establishing the facts existed not imagined  are ways  to go to solve the differences of opinion, or arriving to the meaningful solution.                                                                Fortunately, or not : To facilitate this reconciliation and understanding, we must study not only the history of Polish-Jewish relations in its socio-economic context  but also  sometimes take in to consideration the perceptions of both societies based on their particular aspirations to towards the national  independence  and social well being.  Perhaps A. J. P. Taylor was right when he said that "what men think is more important in history than the objective facts."   This expression is valuable, but we have to take in mid that pursuit of objectivity should be our ultimate goal. This is trivial constitution that fortunately for parts of Europe and the whole world, In May 1945, the anti-Nazi coalition crushed the Third Reich. New European order was established in Yalta, Poczdam...and USRR took over Eastern Europe as reword for the most life’s lost by this country.    According to some researchers, the Jewish survivors in Poland should expect that after their horrible experiences Polish-Jewish relations would improve, after World War II. Tragically exhausted, traumatized by lose of their families, social context, material goods, poor health, and nearly starved, the Jews left their hiding places in Poland, saved by their neighbors, some of them began returning from Soviet exile with Russian troupes, with Berling Polish Unit Army and with NKWD units often as a part of it, and taking part in the “brought government” formed by USRR to Polish People in 1944.  First they stationed in Sandomierz, later in Lublin, finally to Warsaw. Some other Jews came from   the Nazi camps, as Poles did too. They hoped that the Poles would sympathize with and help them, despite that whole Polish country and acquired territories after the War ware devastated by the war, raved and plied by Germans, with nonexistent industrial infrastructure, or agriculture.  The trauma of many Poles was as bad as this of Jews. Both were shocked by the Holocaust. Poles did treat the Jews with compassion and extend a helping hand at the beginning of their Journey. But when Jews came as part of Russian oppression apparatus of the political opposition and persecution, the   Polish sympathy was quickly evaporating, spatially, when Russian KGB hired Jews to prosecute and kill Polish underground movement or to prosecute Poles who even accepted Russian Rulers by abandoning the resistance.                                                     Wrongly, or Rightfully, many Jews believed that the Poles gladly needed them to fill the teaching posts, or to take jobs in the newly created administration on the devastated territory. On the other side, Unfortunately, many Jews argued that numerous Poles helped the Germans murder the Jews, and that the Poles, along with the Germans, were guilty of the extermination of the Jewish population. despite many heroic acts of Poles saving the Jews. Many of Poles gave their lives when saving the Jewish ones.  Many of Jews forgot that the Germans wanted to exterminate the Jews, and the next in line were Poles as a whole population in order to make Lebens Raum for Germans, east of Oder River.                                                    Out of the sky, the thesis was born promulgated by Jews , that Adolf Hitler located the Nazi extermination camps in Poland because he was certain that the Poles would help to annihilate the Jews, despite that there were the concentration camps on the German territory Dachau, Buchenwald.etc. Sometimes  the Jews had perception and  frequently claimed, that a clear majority of the Poles considered the Holocaust a "German-Jewish war" that did not concern them, forgetting  that Jews served in Wermacht, about 106000 soldiers , many high Brass officers were Jewish ,or  some  authors of Jewish extermination were from Jewish origin , not to count  German-Nazi propaganda machine , like Goebbels and company.  Jews thought , or had perception , if  Polish help had been more energetic, despite certain death in polish territories only  to help a Jew ,the casualties would have been fewer or even  the Holocaust would not have taken place at all, despite the German legal and atrocity driven actions.                                                                       This way of thinking showed Jewish “victimhood” without taking into consideration that often they were perpetrators, like Judenraten, Jewish police, Jewish collaboration with Gestapo, or espionage of polish underground by Jews, with conscious probated by Nazi authorities. ( Hotel polski, Al, etc.) .  The Jews were convinced that Polish Government in Exile , or Polish Home Army didn’t do enough to save the Jews, despite knowing that at many occasions Polish Home army executed  smalcowniki ( Jewish, Polish), or  even ethnic Poles doing flagrant harm to Jews.          To some Jews who did not know what their blood brothers were doing to Poles or to the Jews themselves, their attitude toward the Poles population during the Second World War was in some respects more painful than that of the Germans.  In other words they thought in their naiveté that Nazi Germans were better than the Poles. Most Jews understood very quickly what they should expect from the Germans, but they presumed that the Poles would act as co-citizens and help them at any price, despite Germans killing Poles at any, and without a pretext, despite that polish territories were totally occupied by Germans, and Poles did not have any right, except to be subhuman.                     It is commonly known that, often the Germans, unlike the Poles, were not able to recognize a Jew in a street crowd, but Poles had better chance to recognize a disguised Jew. And we have to mention the Polish szmalcownik (a blackmailer who harassed and denounced the Jews) story. Some times he was more dangerous than a German policeman. The problem was rather marginal. In Warsaw vs. according to the studies 200-300 thousand Poles saved about 65thousend Jews with endangering their lives. Smalcowniks were counted about 2-3% of Poles who saved the Jews. The percentage of them is than negligible.  Unfortunately, many Jews collaborated with Gestapo and sent their brothers in blood to the concentration camps to certain death.  The percentage of Jews collaborating with Nazis in their own demise is staggering, when we count all the Judenrats, Jewish police in the ghetto, or on the “Arian” side.   Notorious is the Hotel polski example where Jews were taking big money from their compatriots and presumably wanted to send them a side of German conquered territories. In fact they were sending them to Auschwitz. Finally these outrageous proceeds were stopped and they were liquidated by Polish underground. But before they send to death more 5tousend people, of well financially situated Jews, robbing their extensive wealth. It’s  wrong thinking,  of the Polish underground, that they  did not really help to Jews ( Zegota is an example), and some of its branches actually participated in the killing of the Jewish people, they presumed, without taking into account that Polish underground sometimes liquidate the spies and Jewish Nazi collaborators.                                                                                     Contrary to the facts, and abundant scientific literature to the subject, most Jewish survivors thought that life was almost normal on the "Aryan" side, while the ghettos resembled a living hell.  On September 17 1939 URSS attacked Poland on its Eastern Boarder, soon after URSS established their own rules  and started treat his conquered territories as its own establishing own administration ordered the elections and established own administration, people like kulaks, polish intelgencia, nobility ,former state  employees and better of including rich Jews were round up and sent to Siberia. Unfortunately, some of these Jews become, to Siberia and other Asian territories. Deportees were sent in to the Soviet Union to Siberia and other Russo- Asian territories.                                                                             As Deportees, Jews claimed that for the most part the Polish diplomatic network there helped   Ethnic Poles and excluded the Jews during 1941-43. , despite that everybody could be enlisted to the Anders Army, or to the Berling Army incorporated in to Russian Armed Forces. They further argued that the Anders army was dominated by anti-Semites, that it accepted only a small group of Jewish volunteers, and that it evacuated mostly Poles, not Jews, to the Middle East., despite the facts that many Jewish origin soldiers deserted from Anders Army like M. Begin and stayed in Palestine, as a future Israeli Defense Forces, including its espionage forces.                                                                 As for facts,   the majority of the Polish people had a completely different vision of the war and of Polish-Jewish relations.  Totality, or majority of Poles remembered well how powerful the Germans were, and how mercilessly they punished any attempt to help Jews. The Poles claimed that their polish territory was the only exception, where in Nazi-occupied Europe assistance to the Jews was punished by death.  Taking in to consideration oppressive Nazi regime, liquidation of Higher education establishments, every day terror, gruesome murders on resistance movement, lack of food, onerous and impossible to fill food products contingents made   Poles to believe that greater help was impossible to save the Jews; they were convinced that it would only have increased Polish death casualties.  Despite that many catholic establishments found the ways to save the Jews by taking them into monasteries, giving them false birth certificate, marring I catholic churches, hiding in non conspicuous places, or supplying miser food, when they themselves did not have enough of it. The Poles also believed that only criminal individuals, or from the social margin took advantage of the Jewish dangerous situation at that time... They argued and we have abundant literature, archives eye witness accounts, Yad Washem trees, to that subject, that the Home Army executed the szmalcowniks, and that, instead of participating in the killing of the Jews, many Poles actually helped them.                                                                                        It’s sad to say, that   Poles accused the Jews and rightly so of enthusiastically greeting the invading soviet Army and supporting the Soviet authorities during the 1939-41.  During a brief period of German occupation, on the Eastern parts of polish territory underground resistance e movement was forming and Soviet occupation of eastern Poland came. Soviet Army came with its oppressive NKWD forces and engaged into recruiting collaborators. Most, if not all were Jewish, or Polish Communists (rather a few: In Jedwabne only one, the rest were Polish Jews). This was a mortal blow to the Independence minded Poles and instigating an anti-Polish atmosphere in the West during the entire war, when some of the resistance movement executions done on Jews were misinterpreted. They were liquidated as spies and collaborators, not as Jews. In addition, the Poles considered the existence of the Jewish councils and the Jewish police in the ghettos to be a clear and undeniable act of collaboration with the Nazis. There was no anti-Semitism in the Anders army, as documents, archives, and General Anders attitude towards Jewish deserters show.                                                                               The Soviets went to the centuries old tactics “divide et impera” and themselves   eliminated the Jews from the Polish army, which had been evacuated to Iran. They initiated to create a Berling Army, where Jews and other poles could take part of it. At that time, it was Moscow that wanted to antagonize the Poles and the Jews to show the world that the Poles were a reactionary and chauvinistic nation.  Subsequently, the Poles insisted, the Jews were not the only ones who were isolated and abandoned by the allied Forces during the war, despite common knowledge and insistence of emissary Jan Karski and other diplomatic cables. It’s right to say that the Polish cause,  was abandoned, and forsaken  not only  in the fall of 1939,  but during the 1944 Warsaw uprising, when Russian Army purposely  waited on the eastern board of the Vistula River next to Warsaw  from July 1944 up to January 1945 .                                                                   Not to mention, what amounts to the trahison of Polish interest at Teheran, Yalta and Potsdam. “How could people who had lost their fathers and brothers, and frequently their entire families, people who were desperately fighting for survival themselves, even think about the Jews?” the Poles asked. How could anybody demand that the entire nation behave like heroes and how could anybody blame people for capitulating to fear in the face of death?  Poles felt that they shared the martyrdom of the Jews as Polish citizens lived from hour to hour, and were terrorized and murdered every day. as Poles Even so, numerous Poles helped the Jews, and paid for this act of kindness with their lives and the lives of their families.                               After the war World Ii, many Jews were truly ungrateful, kept their gouges’, and even murdered the Poles. From victims a t this same time they became perpetrators - the Poles thought, In fact, because even when they survived thanks to Polish efforts, they continued to malign the Polish society for being particularly anti-Semitic. It was the Allies, in particular Americans , most Poles reasoned, who could and should have done more for the Jews, and it was the Western societies, including the  western Jews , that were far more responsible for the Holocaust than the  Nazis..      Especially the contentious time is after the war, when it became obvious that there were marked differences in the Jewish and Polish actions, expectations and perceptions. To most Poles, a new occupation started in 1944, when the Krajowa Rada Narodowa was formed and later PKWN was established in Lublin. The Jews helped to establish it. All the key posts were taken by Jews, (67%), of Polish Communists, just as they had done in 1939-41 in eastern Poland. A secret agent UB of Jewish nationality became a symbol of the new regime. The Poles believed as shown in the archives, statistic and other documents that the Jews not only occupied numerous high positions in the Soviet security system in Poland but also distinguished themselves by using excessive force in crushing the rest of the Polish resistance movement by promulgating the congaru court judgment and executions of the resistance fighters. The Poles also felt threatened by the growing presence of Jews in communist intellectual circles, on the editorial boards of Polish periodicals, at Polish universities, and in other cultural institutions, so called polish news papers, or radio broadcasters.                                                                          As a result of the war, the Germans decimated the Polish society, but they did not change its fabric and structure, many Poles believed, but the Russians with the essential help of Jews, during the very first years of the Soviet order, entire classes of Polish society disappeared, including the landowners, intellectuals, independence minded individuals (sent to Siberia), or executed in Moscow in the kangaroo court procedures. More, the former gentry had shaped the Polish nation and state, was its soul and pillar, and had created the cultural patterns that other classes of Polish society regarded as their standard of behavior- disappeared. They were put in jail, emigrated, or sent to Siberia.  Poles did not support the new system and considered it as a new occupation of their land and did not want its stabilization.  Even some counted on the Third World War or some other conflict between the Soviet Union and the Western Allies. Others hoped that the Soviet Union would not be able to subjugate the entire area of East-Central Europe and that the Soviet bloc would simply disintegrate.4                                                                           To the Jewish demise in Poland , the Jews were perceived as an essential part of oppression in Poland at that time.  Poles perceived them, as a new occupation associated with URSS regime and as oppressed tools – Jews were integral part of it.  In the newly created political reality after 1944, most of the Jews had very different expectations. They believed that the new regime would survive, and that the new Poland that emerged would bear little resemblance to the Poland of the interwar period. They also believed that democracy would rule and anti-Semitism would recede. Unlike most Poles, they did not         see the Red Army as a major threat, despite 150-300 thousand Russian troupes stationed on Polish soil. They thought that, even deportation of Poles to Siberia was better than the Nazi occupation. At the time of initial Russian occupation, most Jews did not realize the strength of the belief, shared by many Poles, that there was a Jewish co-responsibility for communism in Poland, due to the appearance of Jewish International Identities, as a part of global revolution to liberate the oppressed and dis avenged.                     In the eyes of most Polish Jews at that time, Berman, Minc, Borejsza, Różański, and other prominent Jewish communists were no longer quite Jewish and certainly did not represent the Jewish community. They were just agents of the Russians imposed in so called Polish national communist government and, as such, were largely indifferent to the certain parts of the fragmented and diverse   Jewish community. This is one of the reasons, the Jews in Poland at that time  believed, that only a small portion of Jewish property had been returned to Jewish communities and individuals after the war, without knowing that many Jews sold their properties to Poles, or abandoned all together as no, ,or little value to them. On top of it Government at that time liquidate, or nationalize most of the private properties. Furthermore after 1949 all Jewish   parties and social institutions (except one) were liquidated, by the Jewish flagged government.   Communist commitment of the party and government apparatus took over jewfishes of its members.        From the social point of view,   for most of the Jews, complete assimilation would have been the beginning of   the elimination of their Jewishness.  Historically after the end of the world war two   , the Jewish survivors tried to return to a normal life and to rebuild a Jewish community in Poland starting in 1944. At that time, there were 11 Jewish political parties in Poland. The Central Committee of the Polish Jews constituted some form of Jewish cultural autonomy. All was created with the help of mostly Jewish run Government and instigated by Russian Authorities and Clandestine operations KGB.       In particular,  Emil Sommerstein, a Zionist, a member of the Polish prewar parliament, and a former prisoner of Soviet camps, became a minister in the first Polish communist government. Three Jewish deputies were members of the first postwar Polish parliament. Local Jewish communities were established in more than 230 towns and villages. And received administrative post, including UB – Security forces.  Instantly there were Jewish schools, including a religious academy, theaters, publishing houses, Jewish newspapers, synagogues, hospitals, cooperatives, and radio programs. Tens of thousands of Jews lived in some Polish towns. In the early summer of 1946, a quarter of a million Jews lived in Poland. Impressive number despite the Soah, and deportation to Siberia and other calamities. But soon the Jewish postwar expectations crumbled.                             Jewish Hierarchy, Zionists, some political parties, wanted more Jews to immigrate to Palestine. Stalin wanted to have his Jewish Friends in Palestine in order to have a base against Britain and USA.           URSS started a clandestine operation to entice the emigration to Palestine. They started to create so called pogroms in Hungry, and later in Russian occupied Poland.  First they wanted to stage the so called “pogrom” in Rzeszow, but it was botched and did not work later the wanted to do similar in Krakow. It didn’t work either.  They tried to promulgate the gossips about Jews being attracted in trains.                                 Based on previous experiences and directives from Moscow, they sent KGB agents to Kielce and prepared so called Pogrom.   From propaganda point of view, it did work. An s result of police action, military participation and under KGB direction and supervision many Jews were murdered (about 32- persons, 3 policemen, or security forces included) in Kielce. Hastily ensemble military court passed judgments against involved, or not involved, executions were performed. The propaganda success was attained.  After the event, many Jews wanted to immigrate to Palestine, or to the Western Countries.  Many Jews were  threatened by fabricated   anti-Semitic comments of so called  Poles, , and by acts of vandalism against Jewish cemeteries  felt like unwanted guests in Poland, and were afraid to rebuild old social ties with prewar Polish friends and started thinking to leave Poland soon after.  It’s disputable, when the biggest exodus of Jews from Poland took Place. Definitely, after the late 1940s, when Jews went not only to Palestine, but to the western countries including USA.  Next period was after 1956, when Wladyslaaw Gomulka made the deal with western word about the loans granted to Poland and allowing the Jews to emigrate, there were almost no Jews left in Poland. Nevertheless, the remaining groups some say about 20 000 and the people of remote Jewish background and of mixed Polish-Jewish ancestry were still left   in communist Poland.  The last period was after March 1968, when J, T Gross emigrated with many others. about 15 thousand in all. .               It comes 1980 -81years, when Solidarity was established. It’s curious that, after the Solidarity movement started Polish Government, attempted to foster a better image of Poland in the eyes of the world. The Polish communist leadership with Jewish Components like Bronislaw Germek, Adam Michnik and others in the press and politics tried to change its attitude toward the Jewish problem in order to court a better world opinion. In 1983, in keeping with this new spirit of generosity, the administration celebrated with pomp the fortieth anniversary of the Warsaw ghetto uprising ( about 500 fighters involved) in the shadow of August 1-st   Warsaw Uprising, where 120000 insurgents were involved. Polish intellectuals were encouraged to write about Jewish history, and state publishing houses edited a series of important books on Jewish subjects.                                               The true intention of the Jaruzelski regime was to advertise its openness and progressiveness, but the maneuver had important practical consequences for the cultural changes that took place in Poland. Yiddish courses were offered at Polish universities. In Warsaw, the National Library organized its Jewish collection and the Jewish Historical Institute was revived. The prewar Mayer Bałaban's chair of Jewish History at Warsaw University was reestablished, a similar chair was organized at the Jagiellonian University in Krakow, and many articles on Jewish history were published in Polish journals. Jewish writers began to be highly acclaimed in Poland. Newspapers were publishing reckoning articles on the 1968 purges and on the Kielce pogrom. The church organized discussions on anti-Semitism. Jan Błoński's article "The Poor Poles Look at the Ghetto," published in the Catholic weekly Tygodnik Powszechny in 1984, provoked a stormy debate that lasted several years and engaged many Polish intellectuals. Many Jews outside Poland seem not to have noticed these changes and still view Poland as a macabre cemetery populated by hostile barbarians due to the world wide Jewish Propaganda promulgated worldwide in the media cinema, calumnious books, essays with innuendos, or simple lies,    fantasy   memoirs films etc.                                     The question is: Are we destined to remain forever entombed within these two diametrically opposed visions of the Polish Jewish relations? Each of one is so different from the other that at times it is difficult to believe that they portray the same place, the same time, and the same people. Are we doomed to remain frozen in this tragic dialogue of the deaf, blind, uneducated, unscientific, so illusion, that impossible to imagine. Can the Jews and the Poles not elaborate a single interpretation of their past? Does this global village still care about the Polish-Jewish conflict? +If we sort all contentious questions, it would be better to resolve some contemporary conflicts dragged since 1948. Natural there is no ready answers for these questions, it seems, but  We should pursue the escaping horizon of objectivity. Without some sense of objectivity we would not be able to understand anything, and we would have to agree with those Jews who feel that                                                                     Acceptance of a "Jewish truth" and a "Polish truth" as the final analysis of the Polish- Jewish relations in Poland is a miserable surrender. The "double memory," or the "double truth," approach may be a useful compromise, and is currently espoused by numerous Jews and Poles, but it is not satisfying. Unfortunately, we can’t identify memory with history. Memory is a raw material of history as they say, but we have to divide” history in small bits”. History is frequently manipulated by political regimes and national movements, but memory "is in reality more dangerously subject to manipulation by time and by societies." Our ability to remember faithfully is limited. We construct our memories by combining elements from the original material with existing common knowledge. A lot of details are lost, and new material is added. If some remembrances do not match the existing schema, we tend to alter them to make them fit. We accept "thematically consistent information" more easily and, after many years, some images created through the process of suggestion become "as real and as vivid as a memory that arose from the actual perception."13 All of the Jews were sentenced by the Nazis to die, as well as every Pole was to be killed later. The Poles fought and died for their fatherland. 5                                                                                                    By contrast, most Polish Jews felt that they had no fatherland to die for despite 800 years on living on the polish soil. They could not   imagine a positive scenario for postwar times, and fought to establish Russian guaranteed regime to the Poles, with all the oppressive tactics and strategies... While the Poles generally went to the concentration camps and extermination camps, as well as the Jews went also to the extermination camps.  The only difference was: the Poles were sent to the camps as punishment for something. The Jews, however, were killed because they were Jews, and nothing, not even collaboration, could alter this fact. The Poles were treated as subhuman, but the Jews were branded as nonhumans and treated accordingly. Numerically, about 3 million Jewish and 3 million non-Jewish citizens of Poland were killed during the War. Relatively, however, this meant that almost all of the Polish Jews were murdered (except 250000) and about one-tenth of the non-Jewish Polish citizens were exterminated by the Germans. The Polish nation survived, while the Polish Jewry, once one of the few most important Jewish communities in the world,  mainly emigrated to Palestine, or other countries, and now is in Poland blooming in every sector of public life: media cinema, politics policies, commerce. This argument about symmetry in the socio-economical life is against the ethnic Poles...               Naturally, there were numerous confused and desperate people on both sides: Poles and Jews. There was no possible good scenario for them, the Jews believed. Communism, Jews  in Poland and before in URSS , or in XIX century all social movements ( Rosa Luxemburg and others) created  offered only acculturation and pauperization, but the  Jews gain  the power and control over the Poles after 1945. While the fall of communism brought the new conditions to grab the power and to establish Jewish dominance in the Polish Politics and economical affairs. As according to the Jewish joke -- but Poland, where the Jews ruled and non-Jews dominate in trade, is unbearable. Polish-Jewish relations were made even more complicated by an inconsistent policy of the Russian imposed Polish communist government conducted mostly by Jews. This type of government was pressed simultaneously by its Soviet sponsor, Jewish Interests in Poland and abroad and by the situation in Poland, not to mention inner ideological and political fights.         After the war, On the one hand, the government needed Jewish professionals and had to revitalize totally sheathe red economy after the war, but by this same time Jews wanted to emigrate aboard looking for better life.  On other hand, the communist    
authorities did not trust the Central Committee of the Polish Jews, allowed the Zionists to organize mass emigration from Poland, and did not encourage Jewish DPs to return to Poland from the camps in Germany and Austria. In addition, some communist leaders did not conceal the fact that they saw the Jewish population as a burden. They mistrusted the Jewish cooperatives, which received money from abroad. They were also frustrated with the failure of the so-called productivity in action: Jewish workers frequently left state factories for more profitable, better organized cooperatives and private enterprises. The communists of Jewish origin manipulated the Jewish issue cynically, interpreting any opposition to the government as nationalist, reactionary, and anti-Semitic in order to create “imaginary enemies”. As might be expected, this propaganda provoked a lot of enmity.                                                          Radical change in Jewish situation and power struggle   came in 1948, when the plan to make Israel a Soviet bridgehead in the Middle East failed. The communist authorities from URSS launched an anti-Zionist campaign that threatened all Jews in satellite countries, near URSS. Rumors about purging the Jews appeared.21 in reality, they made up over 37%-65% percentage of the Polish communist secret police and were concentrated mostly in its command.                  During the installation of the Soviet order, Poland was involved in a “civil war.” The Jews were killed, as communists, and as oppressors, or traitors of Polish Population; altogether, about 500 Jews lost their lives in Poland between 1945 and 1947. Poles lost lives account about over 100000.                                             The Propaganda panic after the Kielce events of 1946 caused more than 150,000 Jews left Poland. After 1948, when the sovietization of Poland rapidly accelerated and Soviet-Israeli relations were fractured, almost all Jewish institutions were liquidated. From 1948 to 1950, more than 30,000 Jews emigrated from Poland, leaving only about 50,000. After the first five years of communism in Poland, the Polish-Jewish Gordian knot proved to be even more tangled than it had been in 1945. There were conflicts between the different factions of Jews in the government. New stereotypes and accusations new groups and international interdependences were added to those produced during the Second World War. Later, every political crisis in Poland created new Jewish controversies between themselves and in relation to the Soviet Union, even as the old ones remained unsolved. Both sides are concentrated on their own martyrdom and not to try to understand other side. Both sides demand attention and sympathy, as a reword for their real or imaginary sufferings. It’s unfortunate, that both sides wanted to build their moral superiority on concept of suffering forgetting moral rules and values. Both sides have selective perceptions and neglecting facts existed in the past and know a little about each other. One man’s existed facts become for another man’s innuendos, or illusion.  These introductory remarks are lined down the social and intellectual contexts of Jewish murders of ethnic Poles.                     In order to untangle this Gordon’s  knot, we would concentrate our attention on the contentious subject  when why what happened when the Jews murdered Poles in wetlands ,of Biebrza, near Jedwabne, what  Jews did to Poles  in Naliboki –ways and means of murdering Poles by Jewish partisans., later the  connects of Jews murder of   Poles in Koniuchy.  Later coming the researches and archives, it’s possible to document many murders done by Jews on ethnic Poles after 1945.    In the future we would like to concentrate on multiple Jewish identities and global questions of political power and control effectuated thru unlimited accumulation of money and political influence and media moguls. Carlos Benson
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