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Looting, Grave Robbery, Property Restitution--Not Only Poles from Jews: more books on the subject

jan peczkis|Tuesday, December 15, 2015

The list author says: "Jan T. Gross, in his recently-published ZLOTE ZNIWA (GOLDEN HARVESTS), has presented a decidedly unobjective focus on looting. The reader is led to believe that only Poles looted from Jews, desecrated sites of the Jewish dead, and benefited from German crimes by acquiring post-Jewish properties--or that Jews were the only victims of such event

        The list author says: "Jan T. Gross, in his recently-published ZLOTE ZNIWA (GOLDEN HARVESTS), has presented a decidedly unobjective focus on looting. The reader is led to believe that only Poles looted from Jews, desecrated sites of the Jewish dead, and benefited from German crimes by acquiring post-Jewish properties--or that Jews were the only victims of such events.

Far from it! WWII and post-WWII Poles indeed looted Jews, but also Poles looted other Poles, Jews looted Jews, Jews looted Poles, etc. Even the Germans, for all their proverbial ingrained discipline and sense of social order, looted the bombed-out sites of dead Germans.

Property-restitution questions are nothing new. Many decades before the Holocaust, while Partitioned Poland had been under foreign rule, Jews had been the direct financial beneficiaries of Russian-confiscated and Prussian-confiscated Polish properties. Should modern Poles demand financial compensation from modern Jews?

During the Nazi deportations to the death camps, Jews had to ask the exact same "When is it right to acquire the heirless (or apparently heirless) properties of the dead?" that Poles were to ask, then and later.

Nor was looting and grave robbery limited to the desperate conditions of wartime. Soviet citizens looted the Polish Katyn-related graves. Finally, the looting of archaeological sites, by professionals and commoners alike, has assumed epidemic proportions in recent decades.

Issues surrounding looting and property acquisition are directly quoted, or cited (with page numbers), in the Peczkis reviews of all the books listed below:" Nie musimy placic Zydom! Nie musimy placic Zydom! "Holocaust-Industry update regarding Poland. See my detailed English-language review of this book, which is titled: WE HAVE NO FINANCIAL OBLIGATIONS TO THE JEWS!" Golden Harvest: Events at the Periphery of the Holocaust Golden Harvest: Events at the Periphery of the Holocaust "Jan T. Gross' book, which fails to put Polish looting of Jews in proper context. The latter is the objective of this Listmania." The Holocaust in Occupied Poland: New Findings and New Interpretations (Warsaw Studies in Jewish History and Memory) The Holocaust in Occupied Poland: New Findings and New Interpretations (Warsaw Studies in Jewish History and Memory) "A more recent book that one-sidedly repeats the "Poles were greedy for Jewish property" theme." Golden Harvest or Hearts of Gold?: Studies on the Wartime Fate of Poles and Jews Golden Harvest or Hearts of Gold?: Studies on the Wartime Fate of Poles and Jews "A masterpiece of a scholarly anthology that soundly debunks Jan T. Gross and his GOLDEN HARVEST. Even if you think you know history, be prepared to learn things that you never knew before." In Search Of A Lost People: The Old And New Poland In Search Of A Lost People: The Old And New Poland "During and after WWII, gangs of grave looters targeted the Polish dead no less so than the Jewish dead." Narodowe Sily Zbrojne na Podlasiu: Materialy posesyjne (Polish Edition) Narodowe Sily Zbrojne na Podlasiu: Materialy posesyjne (Polish Edition) "THE NSZ (NATIONAL ARMED FORCES) AT PODLASIE. When the looting of the Treblinka site by Poles is mentioned, often overlooked is the fact that the Polish Underground punished Poles who engaged in this conduct." In the Polish Secret War: Memoir of a World War II Freedom Fighter In the Polish Secret War: Memoir of a World War II Freedom Fighter "Many Poles refused to buy Jewish belongings at German-Nazi auctions, and Polish Blue Police often shot at Poles who attempted to loot vacant Jewish properties." Poland and the Poles Poland and the Poles "Jan T. Gross and his fans would have us believe that Polish peasants' belief in the blood libel animated their antagonism towards Jews. Boswell, in contrast, argues that (even in the period up to 1919), this belief was quite rare among Polish peasants." Difficult Questions in Polish-Jewish Dialogue Difficult Questions in Polish-Jewish Dialogue "Were Poles who housed fugitive Jews, in exchange for money, thereby exploiting them? Hardly. It was very difficult to feed a fugitive under the German occupation, even from strictly a financial perspective." I Saw The New Poland I Saw The New Poland "A pro-Communist American visiting immediately-postwar Poland accounts for such things as Polish "greed" for Jewish properties in terms of the brutalization of Poles by the German occupation." Roman by Polanski Roman by Polanski "The severe destitution of postwar Poles helps explain why Poles were so "greedy" to acquire properties, both Jewish and non-Jewish." I Saw Poland Betrayed I Saw Poland Betrayed "Owing to wartime devastation and deliberate destruction by Germans, a severe housing shortage existed in postwar Poland. Might this explain why unexpected Jewish survivors were sometimes resented (and in rare cases, killed) when they returned to reclaim their property?" The New Eastern Europe The New Eastern Europe "We hear about how Polish owners of post-Jewish properties are the long-term beneficiaries of the German-made Holocaust. This goes both ways. In Prussian-ruled Poland, Jews were the long-term beneficiaries of Polish properties forcibly expropriated by the heavy-handed Prussian authorities." Poles and Jews: A Failed Brotherhood (The Tauber Institute Series for the Study of European Jewry) Poles and Jews: A Failed Brotherhood (The Tauber Institute Series for the Study of European Jewry) "Jews often acquired the properties of Poles who had been deported to Siberia, by the tsarist-Russian authorities, in reprisal for the failed January 1863 Insurrection." Red Shadow: A Physician's Memoir of the Soviet Occupation of Eastern Poland, 1944-1956 Red Shadow: A Physician's Memoir of the Soviet Occupation of Eastern Poland, 1944-1956 "If one is to fault Poles for looting Jews, then one must first fault Poles for looting of other Poles. This assumed rampant proportions under the brutal German Nazi occupation." The way to freedom The way to freedom "German-looted Polish treasures were, in turn, looted by unscrupulous Poles in postwar Germany--for sale on the black market." Lania: An American Woman in Nazi-Occupied Poland, 1939-1945 Lania: An American Woman in Nazi-Occupied Poland, 1939-1945 "More Pole on non-Jew looting: A Polish boy took the helmet off a dead German soldier." Am I A Murderer?: Testament of a Jewish Ghetto Policeman Am I A Murderer?: Testament of a Jewish Ghetto Policeman "A Jewish ghetto policeman describes Polish thinking behind the acquisition of post-Jewish property as follows: Jews were already doomed by the Germans, Jewish wealth had originated from Polish soil, and, if Poles did not take Jewish property, it would be taken anyway--by the Germans." Kiddush Hashem: Jewish Religious and Cultural Life in Poland During the Holocaust Kiddush Hashem: Jewish Religious and Cultural Life in Poland During the Holocaust "Both Poles and Jews looted Polish properties during the 1939 war. Also Jews, and not only Poles, sometimes refused to return the properties entrusted to them by Jews." The Diary of Mary Berg: Growing up in the Warsaw Ghetto The Diary of Mary Berg: Growing up in the Warsaw Ghetto "During the 1939 German-Soviet conquest of Poland, Jews looted the bombed-out sites of the Polish dead." To Speak for the Silenced To Speak for the Silenced "During the 1939 German-Soviet conquest of Poland, Jews were known to violently rob from Jewish shops." A Jump for Life: A Survivor's Journal from Nazi-occupied Poland A Jump for Life: A Survivor's Journal from Nazi-occupied Poland "During German plundering of Jewish wealth, some "Polish scum" (author's term), pretending to be Volksdeutsche (Polish-speaking Germans), also participated in the plunder. So did some Jews." To Live With Honor, to Die With Honor: Documents from the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archives To Live With Honor, to Die With Honor: Documents from the Warsaw Ghetto Underground Archives "When the Germans boarded trains and arrested some Jews, not only Poles but also Jews helped themselves to the arrested Jews' belongings." The Jews of Bialystok During World War II and the Holocaust The Jews of Bialystok During World War II and the Holocaust "During the deportations to the death camps, some of the remaining Jews looted the properties of the deported (and very soon to be dead) Jews." Between Life & Death: History of Jewish Life in Wartime Poland 1939-1945 Between Life & Death: History of Jewish Life in Wartime Poland 1939-1945 "During the Nazi deportations to the death camps, Jews had to ask the exact same "Is it ever right to acquire the heirless (or apparently heirless) properties of the dead?" that Poles were later confronted with." Walls Around: The Plunder of Warsaw Jewry during World War II and Its Aftermath Walls Around: The Plunder of Warsaw Jewry during World War II and Its Aftermath "Both Jews and Poles engaged in odious grave-robbery. This was recognizably driven by the desperate circumstances faced by both. Also, the author endorses the term "riffraff" to refer to those Poles who bought Treblinka-dead Jewish belongings from Ukrainian Nazi collaborators." The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow: Prelude to Doom The Warsaw Diary of Adam Czerniakow: Prelude to Doom "In the Warsaw Ghetto, some Jews looted Jewish graves in order to remove the gold fillings from the teeth of the Jewish dead." In the Warsaw Ghetto 1940 - 1943 an Account of a Witness the Memoirs of Stanislaw Adler In the Warsaw Ghetto 1940 - 1943 an Account of a Witness the Memoirs of Stanislaw Adler "Another set of examples of Jew-on-Jew grave robbery." Apocalypse 1945: The Destruction of Dresden Apocalypse 1945: The Destruction of Dresden "The properties of Germans killed during the Dresden firestorm were looted by American and British POWs cleaning up after the raids, as well as by Germans." Between Tumbling Walls Between Tumbling Walls "During the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, Jewish looters took valuable items off from the bodies of the Jews killed during the combat." The Stars Bear Witness The Stars Bear Witness "After the fall of the Soviet-betrayed Polish Warsaw Uprising of 1944, bands of Jews lived among the ruins, looting the properties of Poles and the Polish dead. In fact, Jewish and Polish shabrovniks (looters) traded with each other." Goebbels, the Man Next to Hitler. Goebbels, the Man Next to Hitler. "So significant was German-on-German looting, following Allied bombing raids, that Joseph Goebbels felt compelled to record it." The Fire: The Bombing of Germany, 1940-1945 The Fire: The Bombing of Germany, 1940-1945 "A significant fraction of the 15,000 Germans executed by the Third Reich were for looting of the Germans and German dead by the German offenders." Children of the Katyn Massacre: Accounts of Life After the 1940 Soviet Murder of Polish POWs Children of the Katyn Massacre: Accounts of Life After the 1940 Soviet Murder of Polish POWs "At least some of the lesser-known Katyn-related sites had been subject to grave robbery by locals (Ukrainians and Russians). They searched for the medals and other valuables to steal from the bodies of the murdered Polish officers and intellectuals." Wysiedlenia, Wypedzenia I Ucieczki 1939-1959: Atlas Ziem Polski: Polacy, Zydzi, Niemcy, Ukraincy (Polish Edition) Wysiedlenia, Wypedzenia I Ucieczki 1939-1959: Atlas Ziem Polski: Polacy, Zydzi, Niemcy, Ukraincy (Polish Edition) "Let us finally realize that, during and after WWII, vast numbers of non-Jews (Poles, Ukrainians, Germans, and many others) parted with their properties against their will--often as the result of forced population transfers." Stealing History: Tomb Raiders, Smugglers, and the Looting of the Ancient World Stealing History: Tomb Raiders, Smugglers, and the Looting of the Ancient World "The peacetime looting of archeological gravesites is a major problem all over the world." Loot, Legitimacy and Ownership: The Ethical Crisis in Archaeology (Duckworth Debates in Archaeology) Loot, Legitimacy and Ownership: The Ethical Crisis in Archaeology (Duckworth Debates in Archaeology) "More on the looting of archeological sites, done by visitors and locals alike." Operacja Operacja "Jedwabne": Mity i fakty (Polish Edition) "OPERATION "JEDWABNE": MYTHS AND FACTS is the title of this Polish-language book. See the detailed English-language Peczkis review. It contains details of the Polish-language interviews with Norman Finkelstein dealing with property restitution issues in Poland." Hunt for the Jews: Betrayal and Murder in German-Occupied Poland Hunt for the Jews: Betrayal and Murder in German-Occupied Poland "Yet another "sequel" to neo-Stalinist Jan T. Gross." Krwawe Upiory (Polish Edition) Krwawe Upiory (Polish Edition) "THE BLOODY GHOSTS. This work describes Dabrowa County, under the German occupation, in much more detail and objectivity than neo-Stalinist Jan Grabowski's JUDENJAGT (THE HUNT FOR THE JEWS.)"
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